Delivery of Factor VIII Gene into Skeletal Muscle Cells Using Lentiviral Vector

Hyun Jeong Jeon; Tae Keun Oh; Oak Hee Kim; Seung Taik Kim
January 2010
Yonsei Medical Journal;1/1/2010, Vol. 51 Issue 1, p52
Academic Journal
Purpose: This study was designed to investigate whether transduction of lentiviral vectors (LV) carrying human coagulation factor VIII (hFVIII) cDNA into skeletal muscle could increase circulating hFVIII concentrations. Materials and Methods: A LV containing bacterial LacZ gene as a control or human FVIII gene was intra-muscularly administered into the thigh muscle of 5 weeks old Sparague-Dawley rats. The plasma human FVIII concentration and neutralizing anti-FVIII antibodies were measured for up to 12 weeks in these experimental animals. Results: The plasma human FVIII levels in the rats injected with LV carrying FVIII cDNA peaked at post-injection 1st week (5.19 ± 0.14 ng/mL vs. 0.21 + 0.05 ng/mL in control rats , p < 0.05). Elevated hFVIII concentrations were maintained for 4 weeks (2.52 ± 0.83 ng/mL vs. 0.17 ± 0.08 ng/mL in control rats, p < 0.05) after a single intramuscular injection. In the Bethesda assay, neutralizing antibodies for FVIII protein were detected only in FVIII-LV injected rats by the 10th week, but not in control rats. Conclusion: This study suggested that a single administration of an advanced generation LV carrying the human FVIII cDNA resulted in elevation of FVIII level in immune competent rats, and that this gene transfer approach to the skeletal muscle could be an effective tool in treatment of hemophilia A.


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