Ružauskas, Modestas; Pavilonis, Alvydas; Šiugždinienė, Rita; Sužiedėlienė, Edita; Šeputienė, Vaida; Virgailis, Marius; Špakauskas, Vytautas; Daugelavičius, Rimantas
December 2009
Veterinarija ir Zootechnika;2009, Vol. 48 Issue 70, p57
Academic Journal
Antimicrobial susceptibility of Escherichia coli isolated from humans, cattle, pigs and poultry was investigated by a micro-dilution test. Epidemiological cut-off values and clinical breakpoints were determined in the course of investigations. One hundred and thirty seven isolates from cattle, pigs and poultry and 38 isolates from humans were obtained in different Lithuania regions and tested. Results showed that resistance was common to different classes of antimicrobials in both sectors. Clinical resistance of E. coli to ampicillin was the most common (97 % in human isolates and 47 % in animal isolates). Resistance to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (45 % in humans and 18 % in animals) and ciprofloxacin (32% in humans and 12% in animals) was also common. Human isolates showed to be more frequent clinically resistant to all classes of tested antimicrobials, however the highest number of animal isolates had epidemiological resistance to fluoroquinolones. According to the obtained results may be outlined that equal attention must be taken in humans and animals with the aim to control of spreading resistant E. coli strains.


Related Articles

  • ANTIMICROBIAL EFFICACY OF BLECHNUM ORIENTALE L. J. DEEPA; T. R. PARASHURAMA; M. KRISHNAPPA; S. NATARAJA // International Journal of Pharma & Bio Sciences;Apr-Jun2013, Vol. 4 Issue 2, pP-475 

    The antimicrobial property in the extracts of Blechnum orientale L. has been evaluated on clinically isolated bacterial pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Salmonella typhi, Mycobacterium luteus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. Also the antifungal activity...

  • Antimicrobial activity of ethanolic, methanolic and hot aqueous extract of Punica granatum peel. Panchal, Poonam; Mittal, Suchita; Dixit, Praveen K. // International Journal of Pharmacy & Life Sciences;Aug2013, Vol. 4 Issue 8, p2905 

    The main objective of the study is to evaluate antibacterial activity of Punica granatum pericarp (peel) extracts (hot aqueous, methanolic and ethanolic) against E. coli and P. aeruginosa, using Zone of Inhibition (ZOI) and Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) method. Hot aqueous, methanolic...

  • Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oil of Ferulago longistylis Boiss. Fruits. Özkan, Ayşe Mine Gençler; Demirci, Betül; Demirci, Fatih; Başer, Kemal Hüsnü Can // Journal of Essential Oil Research;Nov/Dec2008, Vol. 20 Issue 6, p569 

    The essential oil from the fruits of Ferulago longistylis Boiss. (Apiceae) was obtained by hydrodistillation. Simultaneous analyses by GC and GC/MS resulted in the identification of 59 compounds representing 96% of the essential oil. The major constituents found were 2,3,6-trimethylbenzaldehyde...

  • Frequency, antimicrobial susceptibility and plasmid profiles of Escherichia coli pathotypes obtained from children with acute diarrhea. Kalantar, Enayat; Soheili, Fariborz; Salimi, Heiman; Soltan Dallal, Mohammad Mehdi // Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology;2011, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p23 

    Introduction and objective: Escherichia coli is an important group of pathogens associated with diarrhea among children. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency, antimicrobial susceptibility and plasmid profiles of E. coli pathotypes obtained from children with acute diarrhea....

  • Stability and Antimicrobial Efficiency of Eugenol Encapsulated in Surfactant Micelles as Affected by Temperature and pH. Gaysinsky, Sylvia; Davidson, P. Michael; Bruce, Barry D.; Weiss, Jochen // Journal of Food Protection;Jul2005, Vol. 68 Issue 7, p1359 

    Growth inhibition of four strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (H1730, F4546, 932, and E0019) and Listeria monocytogenes (Scott A, 101, 108, and 310) by eugenol encapsulated in water soluble micellar nonionic surfactant solutions (Surfynol 485W) adjusted to pH 5.6, and 7 and incubated at 10, 22,...

  • An Internal Amplification Control System Based on Primer-Dimer Formation for PCR Product Detection by DNA Hybridization. Leggate, Johanna; Blais, Burton W. // Journal of Food Protection;Sep2006, Vol. 69 Issue 9, p2280 

    Many vegetables of the Cruciferae family have been found to possess antimicrobial properties against several microorganisms of clinical importance. In this study, we reported the antibacterial effect of Brassica oleracea juice on several food- borne pathogens. The juice was found to be effective...

  • Clonal spread of antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli isolates among pups in two kennels. Harada, Kazuki; Morimoto, Erika; Kataoka, Yasushi; Takahashi, Toshio // Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica;2011, Vol. 53 Issue 1, p11 

    Although the dog breeding industry is common in many countries, the presence of antimicrobial resistant bacteria among pups in kennels has been infrequently investigated. This study was conducted to better understand the epidemiology of antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli isolates from...

  • Effect of neem extract against the bacteria isolated from marine fish. Dhayanithi, N. B.; Kumar, T. T. Ajith; Kathiresan, K. // Journal of Environmental Biology;Jul2010, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p409 

    Marine ornamental fishes are exceedingly valuable due to their high demand in domestic and international markets. There is a growing global interest to rear the fishes in captivity. But problem due to bacteria and fungi are the major hitch in captive condition. Since, the use of antibiotics is...

  • SYNTHESIS OF QUINAZOLINONE DERIVATIVES AND THEIR ANTIMICROBIAL EVALUATION. Singh, Ompal; Namdeo, K. P.; Sindhia, V. R. // International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences & Research;Nov2012, Vol. 3 Issue 11, p4408 

    Some new series of 3-(4-substituted-phenyl)- 2-thioxo-2,3-dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-one, 3-(4-substituted-phenyl)-2-(methylthio)quinazolin-4(3H)-one and 3-(4-substituted-phenyl)-2-hydrazinylquinazolin-4(3H)-one were synthesized by cyclization of 4-substituted-phenylcarbamodithioate with methyl...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics