TITLE

Tpl2 Kinase Is Upregulated in Adipose Tissue in Obesity and May Mediate Interleukin-1β and Tumor Necrosis Factor-α Effects on Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase Activation and Lipolysis

AUTHOR(S)
Jager, Jennifer; Grémeaux, Thierry; Gonzalez, Teresa; Bonnafous, Stéphanie; Debard, Cyrille; Laville, Martine; Vidal, Hubert; Tran, Albert; Gual, Philippe; Le Marchand-Brustel, Yannick; Cormont, Mireille; Tanti, Jean-François
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
Diabetes;Jan2010, Vol. 59 Issue 1, p61
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE--Activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase-(ERK)-1/2 by cytokines in adipocytes is involved in the alterations of adipose tissue functions participating in insulin resistance. This study alms at identifying proteins regulating ERK1/2 activity, specifically in response to inflammatory cytokines, to provide new insights into mechanisms leading to abnormal adipose tissue function. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS--Kinase activities were inhibited with pharmacological inhibitors or siRNA. Lipolysis was monitored through glycerol production. Gene expression in adipocytes and adipose tissue of obese mice and subjects was measured by real-time PCR. RESULTS--IκB kinase-(IKK)-β inhibition prevented mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase (MEK)/ERK1/2 activation in response to interleukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α but not insulin in 3T3-L1 and human adipocytes, suggesting that IKKβ regulated a MAP kinase kinase kinase (MAP3K) involved in ERK1/2 activation induced by inflammatory cytokines. We show that the MAP3K8 called Tpl2 was expressed in adipocytes and that IL-1β and TNF-α activated Tpl2 and regulated its expression through an IKKβ pathway. Pharmacological inhibition or silencing of Tpl2 prevented MEK/ERK1/2 activation by these cytokines but not by insulin, demonstrating its involvement in ERK1/2 activation specifically in response to inflammatory stimuli. Importantly, Tpl2 was implicated in cytokine-induced lipolysis and in insulin receptor substrate-1 serine phosphorylation. Tpl2 mRNA expression was upregulated in adipose tissue of obese mice and patients and correlated with TNF-α expression. CONCLUSIONS--Tpl2 is selectively involved in inflammatory cytokine-induced ERK1/2 activation in adipocytes and is implicated in their deleterious effects on adipocyte functions. The deregulated expression of Tpl2 in adipose tissue suggests that Tpl2 may be a new actor in adipose tissue dysfunction in obesity.
ACCESSION #
47995250

 

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