An Experimental Test of Processes Underlying Self-Disclosure in Computer-Mediated Communication

Schouten, Alexander P.; Valkenburg, Patti M.; Peter, Jochen
December 2009
Cyberpsychology;2009, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p1
Academic Journal
A consistent finding in computer-mediated communication (CMC) and Internet research is that, compared to face-to-face communication, CMC results in higher levels of self-disclosure. We identified four possible mediators that may carry the influence of CMC on self-disclosure: self-presentation, similarity, self-awareness, and direct questioning. The validity of these mediators was tested in an experiment in which 81 cross-sex dyads were randomly assigned to three experimental conditions: a text-only CMC condition, a visual CMC condition, and a face-to-face condition. Self-disclosure was lower in the face-to-face condition than in the text-only CMC condition and the visual CMC condition. Between the two CMC conditions, no differences in self-disclosure were found. Of the four possible mediators, only direct questioning mediated the effect of CMC on self- disclosure. CMC dyads engaged in more direct questioning and therefore displayed higher levels of self-disclosure.


Related Articles

  • The Impact of Context Collapse and Privacy on Social Network Site Disclosures. Vitak, Jessica // Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media;Oct2012, Vol. 56 Issue 4, p451 

    A large body of research argues that self-presentation strategies vary based on audience. But what happens when the technical features of Web sites enable—or even require—users to make personal disclosures to multiple audiences at once, as is often the case on social network sites...

  • Preface. Rudnytsky, Peter L. // American Imago;Winter2003, Vol. 60 Issue 4, p401 

    Introduces a series of articles on the perennial psychoanalytic theme of the complex interplay between outer and inner worlds.

  • We Are What We Post? Self-Presentation in Personal Web Space. Schau, Hope Jensen; Gilly, Mary C. // Journal of Consumer Research;Dec2003, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p385 

    This article examines personal Web sites as a conspicuous form of consumer self-presentation. Using theories of self-presentation, possessions, and computer-mediated environments (CMEs), we investigate the ways in which consumers construct identities by digitally associating themselves with...

  • The Power of Self-Promotion. Allen, Debbie // Personal Excellence Essentials;Mar2006, Vol. 11 Issue 3, p10 

    Presents information on self-promotion. Reasons many people feel uncomfortable with self-promotion; Importance of self-promotion; Obstacle to success.

  • The Role of Self-Disclosure and Self-Awareness in Affinity-Seeking Competence. Rubin, Rebecca B.; Rubin, Alan M.; Martin, Matthew M. // Communication Research Reports;Dec1993, Vol. 10 Issue 2, p115 

    In this study we examined (a) the relationship between affinity-seeking competence and self-disclosure and (b) the role of self-awareness in mediating this relationship. According to Social Penetration Theory, people who are able to develop affinity in relationships tend to self-disclose to...

  • Practical Hints for Bores. Cummings, Parke // Saturday Evening Post;1/27/1934, Vol. 206 Issue 31, p24 

    Presents tips on avoiding boredom when talking about oneself. Things that can be discussed with others at parties; Use of sports as a topic of a conversation.

  • Examining the Self of Chronic Procrastinators: Actual, Ought, and Undesired Attributes. Ferrari, Joseph R.; Driscoll, Mark; Díaz-Morales, Juan Francisco // Individual Differences Research;Jun2007, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p115 

    Little is known on how chronic procrastinators perceive their self-identity. In the present study, chronic procrastinators (n = 36) and non-procrastinators (n = 32) sorted cards of self-concept and self-presentation attributes into actual, ought, and undesired selves. Procrastinators compared to...

  • Feeling Versus Acting Like an Impostor: Real Feelings of Fraudulence or Self-Presentation? McElwee, Rory O'Brien; Yurak, Tricia J. // Individual Differences Research;Sep2007, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p201 

    In the Impostor Phenomenon, people experience feelings of inadequacy and fraudulence. Although theory predicts that impostors should report that others view them more positively than they view themselves, recent research has failed to support this hypothesis and suggests instead that impostorism...

  • "Passing": The Ethics of Pretending to Be What You Are Not. Mills, Claudia // Social Theory & Practice;Spring99, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p29 

    The article presents the author's comments on the phenomenon of presenting oneself in some way other than what he/she really is. The author particularly focuses on more trivial and widespread attempts to lie about one's age. She explores whether this phenomenon could be called wrong. She says...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics