TITLE

An Experimental Test of Processes Underlying Self-Disclosure in Computer-Mediated Communication

AUTHOR(S)
Schouten, Alexander P.; Valkenburg, Patti M.; Peter, Jochen
PUB. DATE
December 2009
SOURCE
Cyberpsychology;2009, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A consistent finding in computer-mediated communication (CMC) and Internet research is that, compared to face-to-face communication, CMC results in higher levels of self-disclosure. We identified four possible mediators that may carry the influence of CMC on self-disclosure: self-presentation, similarity, self-awareness, and direct questioning. The validity of these mediators was tested in an experiment in which 81 cross-sex dyads were randomly assigned to three experimental conditions: a text-only CMC condition, a visual CMC condition, and a face-to-face condition. Self-disclosure was lower in the face-to-face condition than in the text-only CMC condition and the visual CMC condition. Between the two CMC conditions, no differences in self-disclosure were found. Of the four possible mediators, only direct questioning mediated the effect of CMC on self- disclosure. CMC dyads engaged in more direct questioning and therefore displayed higher levels of self-disclosure.
ACCESSION #
47965241

 

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