TITLE

The Southern Top of the World: The First Peopling of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego and the Cultural Endurance of the Fuegian Sea-Nomads

AUTHOR(S)
Piana, Ernesto Luis; Orquera, Luis Abel
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
Arctic Anthropology;2009, Vol. 46 Issue 1/2, p103
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego include contrasting environments and populations. Both were settled more than 10,000 years ago, although the coastal resources were not intensively exploited until four millennia later. The littoral resource exploitation had very different characteristics on the Atlantic compared to the Magellan-Fuegian coasts. Generalized strategies were maintained in the former, while in the latter the inhabitants developed a specialization—they became intensively dependent on the littoral and marine resources and designed special technological means for their procurement and processing, including navigation capability. This process began some 6,400 radiocarbon years ago and these sea-nomads colonized the southern- most archipelago from the Beagle Channel down to Cape Horn. After synthesizing the settling of Patagonia, this paper focuses on the process of colonization and cultural endurance of the seanomads until the time of European contact.
ACCESSION #
47909770

 

Related Articles

  • DIRT ROADS, ANCIENT LANDSCAPES, AND EARLY SITES. Brandoff-Kerr, Joan E.; Reeves, Dan // Proceedings of the Society for California Archaeology;2011, Vol. 25, p1 

    Early populations in the Santa Barbara region are conventionally thought to have been confined to the coastal zone. However, the rare discovery of a buried site dating to the mid-Holocene found in the mountainous interior two years ago challenges that perception. Further evidence of other early...

  • Disruption of coastal societies in the Pacific Islands from rapid sea-level fall about AD 1300: new evidence from northern Viti Levu Island, Fiji. Nunn, Patrick // Journal of Coastal Conservation (Springer Science & Business Med;Jun2012, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p199 

    This paper reports preliminary findings of a study in northern Viti Levu Island (Fiji) intended to test the model of the AD 1300 Event. This holds that around AD 1250-1350, during the transition between the Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age, there was a rapid climate-driven sea-level...

  • The transition of the coastal fringe of Greater Australia. Beaton, J.M. // Antiquity;1995 Transitions, Vol. 69 Issue 265, p798 

    Discusses coastal adaptations in Australia during the Pleistocene-Holocene period. Features of the ancient Australian coastal environment; Economic activities in the ancient Australian coastal region.

  • Basques of Red Bay. Fagan, Brian // Archaeology;Sep/Oct93, Vol. 46 Issue 5, p44 

    Analyzes the archaeological coastal site of a Basque whaling capital at Red Bay in Labrador, NewFoundland. Assumed migration of right whales from the bones discovered in Red Bay; Saddle Island shore as the hub of Red Bay archaeology; Remains of the ship San Juan.

  • Aegean coastal survey.  // Earthwatch: The Journal of Earthwatch Institute;Nov/Dec94, Vol. 13 Issue 6, p60 

    Describes the Earthwatch project led by Dr. David Price Williams to investigate archaeological sites in the Coast of Turkey. Field conditions.

  • Local histories and global theories in Colombian Pacific Coast archaeology. Stemper, David M.; Lopez, Hector Salgado // Antiquity;Jun95, Vol. 69 Issue 263, p248 

    Highlights the historical importance of more than 3000 years of people's use of the Colombian Pacific littoral in terms of its agriculture, long-distance interaction, religion, complexity and inequality in power, environmental changes, and evaluation of people-land relations. Time-span and the...

  • An Algorithm for the Calculation of the Time-Dependent Mixing Height in Coastal Sites. Martano, Paolo // Journal of Applied Meteorology;Mar2002, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p351 

    This paper describes a simple algorithm for the calculation of the time-dependent mixing height h(t) in coastal sites using wind, temperature, momentum flux, and heat flux time series as input data. A stationary expression for the coastal internal boundary layer height is used to avoid the...

  • Dolphins of Brazil.  // Earthwatch Institute Journal;Jan2004, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p45 

    Tucuxi dolphins are best known for lurking in the murky rivers of the Amazon Basin. But these dolphins also live in bays, estuaries and other coastal waters from Nicaragua to southern Brazil. Determining the habits and habitat needs of marine tucuxi dolphins, crucial top predators within the...

  • Chilean Coastal Archeology.  // Earthwatch Institute Journal;Jan2004, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p45 

    Three millennia ago, two cultures flourished in one of the driest places on Earth, an area that seemed unlikely to sustain them as of January 2004. For roughly the next three centuries, these two cultures lived close to each other, adapting to the barren, coastal Atacama Desert in Chile and its...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics