TITLE

Assessment of image quality and radiation dose in prospective ECG-triggered coronary CT angiography compared with retrospective ECG-gated coronary CT angiography

AUTHOR(S)
Sung Min Ko; Na Ra Kim; Dong Hun Kim; Meong Gun Song; Jin Hwan Kim
PUB. DATE
February 2010
SOURCE
International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging;Feb2010 Supplement 1, Vol. 26, p93
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
We sought to determine the cut-off point of the average heart rate (HR) and HR differences in obtaining diagnostic image quality using prospective electrocardiographically-triggered (PT) coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) and to compare image quality and radiation dose for CCTA obtained with PT CCTA and retrospective electrocardiographically-gated (RG) CCTA. A total of 178 patients who were referred for CCTA were enrolled in the study. Two independent radiologists evaluated subjective image quality. The non-diagnostic coronary segments were 32 of 1,226 segments (2.6%) for PT CCTA and 12 of 1,346 segments (0.9%) for RG CCTA ( P < 0.001). The mean image quality scores for PT CCTA and RG CCTA were 3.82 ± 0.29 and 3.93 ± 0.14, respectively. The mean radiation dose of patients that underwent PT CCTA was 3.83 ± 0.84 mSv and RG CCTA 10.7 ± 2.70 mSv. For patients who underwent PT CCTA, image quality was inversely related to HR (56.5 ± 4.3 bpm; r = 0.38; P < 0.001) and HR differences (2.8 ± 2.7 bpm; r = 0.49; P < 0.001). With the use of receiver operator characteristic analysis, a cut-off HR of 57 bpm (58% sensitivity, 67% specificity) and HR difference of 6 bpm (93% sensitivity, 46% specificity) were the best threshold for the prediction of diagnostic image quality. In patients with a regular, low HR, PT CCTA offers diagnostic image quality and substantially reduces effective radiation compared with the use of RG CCTA with dose modulation.
ACCESSION #
47885235

 

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