Controlling carrier accumulation and exciton formation in organic light emitting diodes

Wang, Z. B.; Helander, M. G.; Liu, Z. W.; Greiner, M. T.; Qiu, J.; Lu, Z. H.
January 2010
Applied Physics Letters;1/25/2010, Vol. 96 Issue 4, p043303
Academic Journal
It is found that the device performance of organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) can be significantly improved by separating the carrier accumulation zone from the exciton formation interface. The improvement is explained by suppression of exciton quenching caused by accumulated carriers at the exciton formation interface. It is also found that the position of the exciton formation interface in OLEDs correlates well with the interfacial dipole measured using ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy at the interface between a hole transport layer and an electron transport layer. The findings of this work provide useful material selection guidelines in designing high performance OLEDs.


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