Nanoconfined ionic liquids under electric fields

Guoxin Xie; Jianbin Luo; Dan Guo; Shuhai Liu
January 2010
Applied Physics Letters;1/25/2010, Vol. 96 Issue 4, p043112
Academic Journal
The effect of external electric fields (EEFs) on ionic liquid films confined within a nanogap has been investigated by measuring the film thickness with the thin film interferometry and calculating the effective viscosity. Experimental results indicated that the film thickness of ionic liquids could be increased obviously by the application of EEFs with strengths weaker than the electric interactions between cationic head groups and anions. The effect of EEFs on the confined ionic liquid film with a shorter alkyl side chain is more noticeable. It is thought that the charged anions and headgroups of the cations are structured near electrified walls to form ordered layers and short alkyl side chains at the interfaces are aligned along the EEF direction due to induced dipoles.


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