Efficient generation and transportation of energetic electrons in a carbon nanotube array target

Yanling Ji; Gang Jiang; Weidong Wu; Chaoyang Wang; Yuqiu Gu; Yongjian Tang
January 2010
Applied Physics Letters;1/25/2010, Vol. 96 Issue 4, p041504
Academic Journal
Laser-driven energetic electron propagation in a carbon nanotube-array target is investigated using two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. Energetic electrons are efficiently generated when the array is irradiated by a short intense laser pulse. Confined and guided transportation of energetic electrons in the array is achieved by exploiting strong transient electromagnetic fields created at the wall surfaces of nanotubes. The underlying mechanisms are discussed in detail. Our investigation shows that the laser energy can be transferred more effectively to the target electrons in the array than that of in the flat foil due to the hole structures in the array.


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