A route to improved extraction efficiency of light-emitting diodes

Zhu, H.; Shan, C. X.; Wang, L. K.; Yang, Y.; Zhang, J. Y.; Yao, B.; Shen, D. Z.; Fan, X. W.
January 2010
Applied Physics Letters;1/25/2010, Vol. 96 Issue 4, p041110
Academic Journal
The electroluminescence from an n-MgZnO/i-ZnO/MgO/p-GaN asymmetric double heterojunction has been demonstrated. With the injection of electrons from n-MgZnO and holes from p-GaN, an intense ultraviolet emission coming from the ZnO active layer was observed. It is revealed that the emission intensity of the diode recorded from the MgZnO side is significantly larger than that from the MgO side because of the asymmetric waveguide structure formed by the lower refractive index of MgO than that of MgZnO. The asymmetric waveguide structure reported in this letter may promise a simple and effective route to light-emitting diodes with improved light-extraction efficiency.


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