Velocity distribution function of sputtered Cu atoms obtained by time resolved optical absorption spectroscopy

Namjun Kang; Soo-ghee Oh; Gaboriau, Freddy; Ricard, André
January 2010
Review of Scientific Instruments;Jan2010, Vol. 81 Issue 1, p013102
Academic Journal
A new method based on time resolved optical absorption spectroscopy is proposed to determine the velocity distribution function of sputtered Cu atoms in a magnetron plasma discharge. The method consists of applying a short pulse of 1.5 μs and of recording time variations in copper atom density in off pulse at different positions (1, 2, and 3 cm) from target surface under 3–30 mTorr. The time evolution of the density is then converted into velocity distribution. We estimate that only sputtered atoms with radial velocity component lower than 0.5 km/s are detected. The average velocity of Cu atoms is evaluated as the first order moment of the velocity distribution functions. The velocity distribution functions become the more dispersive the farther from target surface. The average velocities vary in the range of 2.5–3 km/s at the vicinity of target surface whereas at 3 cm a decrease from 2.5 to 1.2 km/s is observed at 30 mTorr.


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