Cross-helicity dynamo effect in magnetohydrodynamic turbulent channel flow

Hamba, Fujihiro; Tsuchiya, Masataka
January 2010
Physics of Plasmas;Jan2010, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p012301
Academic Journal
A large eddy simulation of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulent channel flow is carried out to investigate the dynamo mechanism. It is shown that the streamwise component of the mean magnetic field is generated and sustained due to the effect of the turbulent electromotive force. The Reynolds-averaged turbulence model for MHD flows is assessed; it is suggested that the cross-helicity dynamo effect contributes to the turbulent electromotive force; that is, the electromotive force parallel to the mean vorticity is generated due to the turbulent cross helicity. To verify the importance of the cross-helicity dynamo, the transport equation for the turbulent electromotive force is evaluated; it is confirmed that the term involving the cross helicity and the mean vorticity is the main production term for the turbulent electromotive force. The transport equations for the turbulent kinetic and magnetic energies are also examined to discuss the dynamo mechanism from the viewpoint of the energy transfer.


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