TITLE

Growth and saturation of the axial instability in low wire number wire array Z pinches

AUTHOR(S)
Knapp, P. F.; Greenly, J. B.; Gourdain, P.-A.; Hoyt, C. L.; Martin, M. R.; Pikuz, S. A.; Seyler, C. E.; Shelkovenko, T. A.; Hammer, D. A.
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
Physics of Plasmas;Jan2010, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p012704
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The growth of the axial instability in low wire number wire array Z pinches using a 100 ns rise time, 1 MA pulsed power accelerator is examined. The axial instability manifests itself as a quasiperiodic variation of the radius of the coronal plasma along each wire and a consequent modulation of the rate of ablation of material from the dense wire core. The dominant wavelength of the modulation becomes constant late in time. In this work laser shadowgraphy is used to measure the growth of the wavelength and amplitude of the instability as well as the size of the coronal plasma in aluminum wire arrays from the time of plasma formation to the time the wavelength seen late in time is reached. Using magnetic probes, the distribution of current and magnetic topology are also investigated. It is found that a distinct change in magnetic field topology associated with the onset of advection of current to the array axis by the streaming wire-ablation plasma appears to be responsible for ending the growth of the axial instability and initiating the quasisteady state ablation phase of the wire array Z pinch.
ACCESSION #
47807106

 

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