Intra-strain variations of baroreflex sensitivity in young Wistar-Kyoto rats

Valenti, Vitor E.; Imaizumi, Caio; de Abreu, Luiz Carlos; Colombari, Eduardo; Sato, Monica A.; Ferreira, Celso
December 2009
Clinical & Investigative Medicine;Dec2009, Vol. 32 Issue 6, pE251
Academic Journal
Purpose: To compare baroreflex sensitivity among conscious rats of the same strain. Methods: Male WKY rats (eight weeks old) were studied. Cannulas were inserted into the abdominal aortic artery through the right femoral artery to measure mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR). Baroreflex gain was calculated as the ratio between variation of HR in function of the MAP variation (ΔHR/ΔMAP) tested with a depressor dose of sodium nitroprusside (SNP, 50μg/kg, iv) and with a pressor dose of phenylephrine (PE, 8μg/kg, iv). We divided the rats into four groups: 1) Low bradycardic baroreflex (LB), BG between -1 and -2 bpm/mmHg tested with PE; 2) High bradycardic baroreflex (HB), BG < -2 bpm/mmHg tested with PE; 3) Low tachycardic baroreflex (LT), BG between -1 and -2 bpm/mmHg tested with SNP and; 4) High tachycardic baroreflex (HT), BG < -2 bpm/ mmHg tested with SNP. Significant differences were considered for p<0.05. Results: Approximately 82% of the rats presented reduced bradycardic reflex while 22 showed attenuated tachycardic reflex. No alterations were noted regarding basal MAP and HR, tachycardic and bradycardic peak and HR range. Conclusions: There was alteration in baroreflex sensitivity among rats of the same strain. Care should be taken when interpreting studies employing WKY as a control for the SHR.


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