A new semi-dwarfing gene identified by molecular mapping of quantitative trait loci in barley

Guo Tai Yu; Horsley, Richard D.; Bingxin Zhang; Franckowiak, Jerome D.
February 2010
Theoretical & Applied Genetics;Feb2010, Vol. 120 Issue 4, p853
Academic Journal
Semi-dwarfing genes have been widely used in spring barley ( Hordeum vulgare L.) breeding programs in many parts of the world, but the success in developing barley cultivars with semi-dwarfing genes has been limited in North America. Exploiting new semi-dwarfing genes may help in solving this dilemma. A recombinant inbred line population was developed by crossing ZAU 7, a semi-dwarf cultivar from China, to ND16092, a tall breeding line from North Dakota. To identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling plant height, a linkage map comprised of 111 molecular markers was constructed. Simple interval mapping was performed for each of the eight environments. A consistent QTL for plant height was found on chromosome 7HL. This QTL is not associated with maturity and rachis internode length. We suggest the provisional name Qph-7H for this QTL. Qph-7H from ZAU 7 reduced plant height to about 3/4 of normal; thus, Qph-7H is considered a semi-dwarfing gene. Other QTLs for plant height were found, but their expression was variable across the eight environments tested.


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