Golf-related stress fractures: a structured review of the literature

Lee, Alexander D.
December 2009
Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association;Dec2009, Vol. 53 Issue 4, p290
Academic Journal
Background: Stress fractures are troublesome injuries. Sites of occurrence are activity-related and specific anatomical sites are endemic to certain sports. Little is known about stress fracture patterns in golf. Objective: A structured review of the literature was conducted to identify the occurrence and injury sites of golf-related stress fractures. Methods: A literature search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus was conducted using a combination of controlled vocabulary and truncated text words to capture all articles relevant to golf-related stress fractures. Articles meeting inclusion criteria were descriptively analyzed. Results: The search resulted in 164 articles, of which 13 met the inclusion, and reported 44 cases of golfrelated stress fractures. Seven anatomical injury sites were identified with rib stress fracture being the most commonly reported. Stress fractures occurred on the golfer's lead-side in 80% of cases. Conclusion: Golf-related stress fractures are infrequent injuries. The ribs were the most common stress fracture site, and a predilection for lead-side involvement was reported.


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