Effects of Stump Diameter on Sprout Number and Size for Three Oak Species in a Pennsylvania Clearcut

Sands, Benjamin A.; Abrams, Marc D.
September 2009
Northern Journal of Applied Forestry;Sep2009, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p122
Academic Journal
In a 2004 clearcut of a former even-aged oak (Quercus) forest, we examined the number and maximum height of stump sprouts for three oak species in east-central Pennsylvania. The greatest number of sprouts was produced by black oak (Quercus velutina) and chestnut oak (Q. montana) as compared with white oak (Q. alba). Logistic regression showed that diameter of stumps was a significant factor in determining the probability of sprouting for black oak, and an inverse relationship between stump diameter and the number of sprouts per stump was found for all three species. The number of white oak sprouts peaked in the 10 -20-cm diameter class and declined on larger stumps. The number of black oak sprouts peaked in the 20 -50-cm classes, and trees in the 70-80-cm class produced the fewest sprouts. The mean annual growth of the tallest sprout on each stump was greater for black oak and chestnut oak than white oak.


Related Articles

  • Irrigation and Rangeland Oaks. Light, Rudolph H.; Buckner, Timothy R. // International Oaks;Dec1999, Issue 9, p84 

    The article presents a study that deals with the effects of supplemental irrigation on oak seedling survival and growth. Included in the study are four species of oaks common to the Northern California Ranges, blue oak, California black oak, Oregon white oak and interior live oak. The aim of the...

  • The Composition and Structure of Woody Vegetation Associated with Piratebush, Buckleya distichophylla (Nutt.) Torr., on Poor Mountain, Virginia. Leahy, Michael J.; Hutto, Curtis J.; Clarke, Paul A. // Castanea;Mar2006, Vol. 71 Issue 1, p31 

    A large population of the globally rare shrub Buekleya distichophylla occurs on Poor Mountain, Roanoke County, Virginia in the Blue Ridge Mountains. Plot data were taken to characterize the forests associated with this rare shrub. Cluster analysis identified three forest types based on overstory...

  • Dendroecology and successional status of two contrasting old-growth oak forests in the Blue Ridge Mountains, U.S.A. Orwig, David A.; Abrams, Marc D.; Dockry, Michael J. // Canadian Journal of Forest Research;Jul1997, Vol. 27 Issue 7, p994 

    Dendroecological techniques were used to investigate the dynamics and successional development spanning three centuries of two virgin, old-growth forests dominated by Quercus rubra L. (mesic site) and Quercus prinus L. (xeric site) on the Blue Ridge Mountains of west-centralVirginia. In the Q....

  • Measuring stem water content in four deciduous hardwoods with a time-domain reflectometer. Wullschleger, Stan D.; Hanson, Paul J.; Todd, Donald E. // Tree Physiology;Oct1996, Vol. 16 Issue 10, p809 

    New technologies in time-domain reflectometry offer a reliable means of measuring soil water content. Whether these same technologies can be used or adapted to estimate the water content of other porous media, such as the woody tissue of forest trees, has not been thoroughly addressed....

  • Sprouting characteristics of a subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest following clear-cutting in Okinawa, Japan. Wu, Lichao; Shinzato, Takakazu; Caihong Chen; Aramoto, Mitsunori // New Forests;Nov2008, Vol. 36 Issue 3, p239 

    This study explores the sprouting characteristics of an evergreen broad-leaved forest after clear-cutting based on a survey of 1,893 stumps of 62 tree species in Okinawa, Japan. The sprouting capabilities of the stumps varied among tree species. The stumps of 60 species could produce sprouts,...

  • Description of Vegetation of the Oak Openings of Northwestern Ohio at the Time of Euro-American Settlement. Brewer, Lawrence G.; Vankat, John L. // Ohio Journal of Science;Sep2004, Vol. 104 Issue 4, p74 

    Original land survey notes were used to produce a map of the Oak Openings of northwestern Ohio showing the vegetation at the time of Euro-American settlement (1817-1832). For that period, the area of the Oak Openings was 43% Oak Savanna, 27% Wet Prairie, 23% Oak Woodland, 7% Oak Barrens, and <1%...

  • Influence of weather at time of pollination on acorn production of Quercus alba and Quercus velutina Cecich, Robert A.; Sullivan, Neal H. // Canadian Journal of Forest Research;Dec1999, Vol. 29 Issue 12, p1817 

    Pistillate flower development and acorn production were observed in small populations of white oak (Quercus alba L.) and black oak (Quercus velutina Lam.) in central Missouri from 1990 to 1997. There were significant year-year differences in the size of flower crops for bothspecies and...

  • Developing a Stand Hazard Index For Oak Decline in Upland Oak Forests of the Ozark Highlands, Missouri. Zhaofei Fan; Xiuli Fan; Spetich, Martin A.; Shifley, Stephen R.; Moser, W. Keith; Jensen, Randy G.; Kabrick, John M. // Northern Journal of Applied Forestry;Mar2011, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p19 

    Black oak (Quercus velutina Lam.) and scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea Muenchh.)—two major components (44% of total stand basal area) of upland oak forests-ore suffering severe decline and mortality in the Ozark Highlands, Missouri. However, factors influencing their survival (mortality) are...

  • Do chestnut, northern red, and white oak germinant seedlings respond similarly to light treatments? Growth and biomass. Rebbeck, Joanne; Gottschalk, Kurt; Scherzer, Amy // Canadian Journal of Forest Research;Nov2011, Vol. 41 Issue 11, p2219 

    Northern red oak ( L.) seedling growth has been extensively studied. White oak ( L.) and chestnut oak ( L.), however, are far less investigated despite their importance among upland oak species in eastern North American forests. We characterized white and chestnut oak seedling response to light...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics