TITLE

Extravasation of Cytotoxic Drugs - The Role of the Nurse

AUTHOR(S)
Lavdaniti, Maria; Dimitriadou, Alexandra
PUB. DATE
July 2009
SOURCE
Nosileftiki;Jul2009, Vol. 48 Issue 3, p268
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
One of the complications of the administration of chemotherapy agents is their extravasation. Even if the frequency of extravasation is relatively low, whenever it does occur it has serious repercussions on the quality of life of the patient. The purpose of this literature review was to delineate what nurses must do when extravasation of chemotherapy agents occurs. The literature emphasizes that a clinical nursing evaluation is essential in order to decide which interventions are suitable for extravasation management. When administering chemotherapeutic agents, preventive measures should be applied to reduce the danger of extravasation, but when it does occur in spite of all precautions, specific nursing interventions are required. Any nurse who takes on the responsibility of administering chemotherapy should recognize the risk factors for extravasation, and know how it can be prevented and managed. Nurses play an important role in the prevention, detection and management of extravasation because of their continuous presence beside the patient. Particular emphasis should be put on research in this area to formulate ways of minimizing the dangers, not only in Greece but also on an international level.
ACCESSION #
47690645

 

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