« Barrer la voie au syndicalisme » : les manœuvres de l'État québécois contre la Société bienveillante des journaliers de navires à Québec et les autres sociétés de secours mutuel, 1869-1899

Bischoff, Peter C.
November 2009
Labour / Le Travail;Fall2009, Vol. 64, p9
Academic Journal
An important wood export centre, Quebec's port was also an extraordinary place for experimenting with mutualism and trade unionism. The dockers, Irish and French Canadian, paved the way by organizing and incorporating a mutual assistance company in 1862 under an Act of the Parliament of Lower Canada. In 1865, they demanded a salary standard. Two years later, ten union clauses were added to the rules of their association. Combining mutualism and trade unionism, they built rapidly the most powerful local union organization in the country. This transformation of a 'mutual assistance company into a trade union' gave rise to imitators among boatmen, stevedores, etc. It also raised fear among commercial, judicial and political elites. What followed was a battle on several fronts aimed at bringing back the company of dockers to functions purely mutualist, and by the mere fact of closing the door on an organizing method judged socially dangerous for the established order. Despite the fact that the workers did not disarm, the Quebec government succeeded in reducing substantially the 'zone of tolerance' of mutualism in its territory.


Related Articles

  • Editor's Note. Moss, Jane // Quebec Studies;Spring/Summer2011, Vol. 51, p1 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses articles in this issue, including one on devotion to Saint Anne in Seventeenth-Century Catholic New France, one on the play "Albertine, en cinq temps," by Michel Tremblay, and one on the poetry book "Metropolitan Museum" by Robert Choquette.

  • OUVRAGES REÇUS NON-RECENSÉS.  // Recherches sociographiques;2012, Vol. 53 Issue 1, p263 

    A bibliography on the history of the province of Québec is presented, which includes the books "Le développement durable changera-t-il la ville? Le regard des sciences sociales," by Vincent Béal, Mario Gauthier and Gilles Pinson, "La littérature à l'éprouvette," by...

  • Revue de Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec. DUFOUR, ANDRÉE // Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada / Cahiers de la ;Autumn2011, Vol. 49 Issue 2, p208 

    The article reviews issues 2009 and 2010 of the annual periodical "Revue de Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec," directed and edited by Sophie Montreuil, which is also available online at http://www.banq.qc.ca/a_propos_banq/publications/ revue_banq/index.html.

  • « Un chaînon incontournable au Québec » : les Chevaliers du travail, 1882-1902. Bischoff, Peter C. // Labour / Le Travail;Fall2012, Vol. 70, p13 

    BECAUSE IT HAS BEEN GENERALLY STUDIED superficially or examined using a fairly small number of documents, the Order of the Knights of Labor in Quebec again and again escapes the understanding of experts. The picture historians, sociologists and industrial relations experts were able to deliver...

  • A ruling for Canada.  // Christian Science Monitor;8/26/98, Vol. 90 Issue 191, p12 

    Comments on Canada's Supreme Court ruling on the question of succession by Quebec. Details of the ruling; The fundamental irony regarding the ruling; The evolution Quebec's politics are undergoing.

  • La Conscience du désert, Montréal, Boréal, 2010. Marcotte, Gilles // GLOBE: Revue internationale d'etudes quebecoises;2011, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p219 

    A review of the book "La Conscience du désert," by Michel Biron, is presented.

  • Quebec may opt for `trust.' Walker, Ruth // Christian Science Monitor;11/27/98, Vol. 91 Issue 2, p1 

    Focuses on the question of Quebec separating from Canada. The no referendum theme in the election campaign of Jean Charest, leader of the Liberal Party of Quebec; The Parti Quebecois (PQ) government under Premier Lucien Bouchard; Social benefits and Quebeckers' sense of identity; Background on...

  • La nouvelle québécoise. SAINT-YVES, Myriam // Recherches sociographiques;2012, Vol. 53 Issue 2, p489 

    No abstract available.

  • Jacques Viger et Joseph Mermet: naissance d'un écrivain (1814-1828). ANDRÈS, BERNARD // Cahiers des Dix;2010, Vol. 64, p209 

    During the American invasion of 1812, Jacques Viger (1787-1858) began corresponding with the Frenchman, Joseph David Mermet (c1775-c1849), an officer in the Watteville regiment that came to the assistance of Canada. Mermet was a writer in vogue at this time due to his patriotic poetry. The study...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics