TITLE

Application of electrospray ionization hybrid ion trap/time-of-flight mass spectrometry in the rapid characterization of quinocetone metabolites formed in vitro

AUTHOR(S)
Zhao-Ying Liu; Ling-Li Huang; Dong-Mei Chen; Meng-Hong Dai; Yan-Fei Tao; Yu-Lian Wang; Zong-Hui Yuan
PUB. DATE
February 2010
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Feb2010, Vol. 396 Issue 3, p1259
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The application of electrospray ionization hybrid ion trap/time-of-flight mass spectrometry coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography (LC/MS–IT–TOF) in the rapid characterization of in vitro metabolites of quinocetone was developed. Metabolites formed in rat liver microsomes were separated using a VP-ODS column with gradient elution. Multiple scans of metabolites in MS and MS2 modes and accurate mass measurements were automatically performed simultaneously through data-dependent acquisition in only a 30-min analysis. Most measured mass errors were less than 10 ppm for both protonated molecules and fragment ions using external mass calibration. The elemental compositions of all fragment ions of quinocetone and its metabolites could be rapidly assigned based upon the known compositional elements of protonated molecules. The structure of metabolites were elucidated based on the combination of three techniques: agreement between their proposed structure, the accurate masses, and the elemental composition of ions in their mass spectra; comparison of their changes in accurate molecular masses and fragment ions with those of parent drug or metabolite; and the elemental compositions of lost mass numbers in proposed fragmentation pathways. Twenty-seven phase I metabolites were identified as 11 reduction metabolites, three direct hydroxylation metabolites, and 13 metabolites with a combination of reduction and hydroxylation. All metabolites except the N-oxide reduction metabolite M6 are new metabolites of quinocetone, which were not previously reported. The ability to conduct expected biotransformation profiling via tandem mass spectrometry coupled with accurate mass measurement, all in a single experimental run, is one of the most attractive features of this methodology. The results demonstrate the use of LC/MS–IT–TOF approach appears to be rapid, efficient, and reliable in structural characterization of drug metabolites. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
ACCESSION #
47656764

 

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