TITLE

The architecture of the left ventricular myocytes relative to left ventricular systolic function

AUTHOR(S)
Dorri, Farshad; Niederer, Peter F.; Lunkenheimer, Paul P.; Anderson, Robert H.
PUB. DATE
February 2010
SOURCE
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery;Feb2010, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p384
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Abstract: Objective: Mural thickening, combined with longitudinal and circumferential shortening, and apical along with basal twisting are critical components of the left ventricular systolic deformation that contribute to ventricular ejection. It is axiomatic that the spatial alignment of the actively contracting aggregates of myocytes must play a major role in the resulting ventricular deformation. The need to conserve functional global myocytic architecture, therefore, is an important aspect of the surgical manoeuvres affecting ventricular mass and geometry. To investigate the influence of the global alignment of the myocytes on ventricular contraction, we used a mathematical model simulating the large deformations produced by systolic contraction of the left ventricle of a human heart. Methods: The alignment and meshing of the myocytes within their supporting fibrous matrix cause mechanical anisotropy, which was included in the mathematical model in the form of a unit vector field, constructed from the measured trajectories of aggregated myocytes in an autopsied human heart. The relationship between ventricular structure and ventricular dynamics was assessed by analysing the influence of systematic deviations of the orientation of the myocytes from their original alignment, in longitudinal as well as radial directions, on the distribution of stress and strain within the myocardium, as well as on the ejection fraction. In addition, simplified idealised geometries were used to investigate the influence of the overall geometrical modifications. Results: Left ventricular function proved to be robust with respect to small-to-moderate rotational variations in myocytic alignment, up to 14°, a finding which we attribute to an equalising effect of the non-uniform anisotropic pattern found in a real heart involving substantial local irregularities in the architecture of the aggregated myocytes. Severe deterioration of function occurred only when deviations in alignment exceeded 30°. Conclusions: Our findings substantiate the concept of the myocardial walls representing a continuous three-dimensional meshwork, with the absence of any intermediate structures such as discrete bands or tracts extending over the ventricles, which could be destroyed surgically, thereby adversely affecting systolic function. With appropriate indications, they also support the validity of the surgical procedures performed to reduce ventricular radius and therefore to reduce mural stress.
ACCESSION #
47610545

 

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