Highly efficient phosphorescence from organic light-emitting devices with an exciton-block layer

Ikai, Masamichi; Tokito, Shizuo; Sakamoto, Youichi; Suzuki, Toshiyasu; Taga, Yasunori
July 2001
Applied Physics Letters;7/9/2001, Vol. 79 Issue 2
Academic Journal
One of the keys to highly efficient phosphorescent emission in organic light-emitting devices is to confine triplet excitons generated within the emitting layer. We employ “starburst” perfluorinated phenylenes (C[sub 60]F[sub 42]) as a both hole- and exciton-block layer, and a hole-transport material 4,4′,4″-tri(N-carbazolyl) triphenylamine as a host for the phosphorescent dopant dye in the emitting layer. A maximum external quantum efficiency reaches to 19.2%, and keeps over 15% even at high current densities of 10–20 mA/cm2, providing several times the brightness of fluorescent tubes for lighting. The onset voltage of the electroluminescence is as low as 2.4 V and the peak power efficiency is 70–72 lm/W, promising for low-power display devices. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.


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