TITLE

Efficient electron injection in blue-emitting polymer light-emitting diodes with LiF/Ca/Al cathodes

AUTHOR(S)
Brown, T. M.; Friend, R. H.; Millard, I. S.; Lacey, D. J.; Burroughes, J. H.; Cacialli, F.
PUB. DATE
July 2001
SOURCE
Applied Physics Letters;7/9/2001, Vol. 79 Issue 2
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
We report electroabsorption and electroluminescence investigations of polymer light-emitting diodes featuring a LiF/Ca/Al cathode, for efficient electron injection into the electroluminescent polymer layer. Our measurement of the built-in potential gives direct evidence of a sizeable reduction of the cathodic barrier height not only with respect to Ca, but also versus LiF/Al or CsF/Al bilayer cathodes, currently amongst the most efficient electron injectors for low electron affinity polymers. In blue-emitting (∼2.7 at peak) polyfluorene-based LEDs, with poly(ethylenedioxythiophene)/poly(styrene sulphonic acid) anodes and LiF/Ca/Al cathodes, we measure a built-in potential of 2.7 V, a luminance of ∼1600 cd/m2 (the highest among the devices studied here) at a driving voltage of 5 V, and efficiencies as high as ∼3 lm/W. We also find that the turn-on voltage essentially coincides with the built-in potential within the experimental error. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.
ACCESSION #
4759010

 

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