Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments

Deng, D. S.; Orf, N. D.; Danto, S.; Abouraddy, A. F.; Joannopoulos, J. D.; Fink, Y.
January 2010
Applied Physics Letters;1/11/2010, Vol. 96 Issue 2, p023102
Academic Journal
We report on the fabrication and characterization of globally ordered crystalline selenium filaments with diameters about 200 nm and aspect ratios upwards of 105. Amorphous Se filaments are fabricated by a recently developed approach in which a thin film evolves into an ordered array of filaments in fiber. Single-crystal and polycrystalline filaments are attained with a postdrawing annealing procedure. Arrays of two-cm-long crystalline nanowires, electrically contacted to external circuitry through the fiber end facets, exhibit a two-orders-of-magnitude change in conductivity between dark and illuminated states. These results hold promise for the fabrication of filament-detector arrays that may be integrated with large-area electronics.


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