Factorial Temperament Structure in Stuttering, Voice-Disordered, and Typically Developing Children

Eggers, Kurt; De Nil, Luc F.; Van den Bergh, Bea R. H.
December 2009
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2009, Vol. 52 Issue 6, p1610
Academic Journal
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the underlying temperamental structure of the Dutch Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ; B. Van den Bergh & M. Ackx, 2003) was identical for children who stuffer (CWS), typically developing children (TDC), and children with vocal nodules (CWVN). Method: A principal axis factor analysis was performed on data obtained with the Dutch CBQ from 69 CWS, 149 TDC, and 41 CWVN. All children were between the ages of 3;0 (years;months) and 8;11. Results: Results indicated a 3-factor solution, identified as Extraversion/Surgency, Negative Affect, and Effortful Control, for each of the participant groups, showing considerable similarity to previously published U.S., Chinese, Japanese, and Dutch samples. Congruence coefficients were highest for CWS and TDC and somewhat more modest when comparing CWVN and TDC. The Effortful Control factor consistently yielded the lowest congruence coefficients. Conclusion: These data confirm that although stuttering, voice-disordered, and typically developing children may differ quantitatively with regard to mean scores on temperament scales, they are similar in terms of their overall underlying temperament structure. The equivalence of temperament structure provides a basis for further comparison of mean group scores on the individual temperament scales.


Related Articles

  • The Significance of First Language Development in Five to Nine Year Old Children for Second and Foreign Language Learning.  // Applied Linguistics;Dec2008, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p717 

    In this article, the language learning experiences and development of a child (the authors daughter) between the ages of five and nine are drawn on to argue that we should re-focus our comparison of first and second language acquisition away from early L1 acquisition to the early...

  • The Prevalence of Stuttering, Voice, and Speech-Sound Disorders in Primary School Students in Australia. McKinnon, David H.; McLeod, Sharynne; Reilly, Sheena // Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools;Jan2007, Vol. 38 Issue 1, p5 

    Purpose: The aims of this study were threefold: to report teachers' estimates of the prevalence of speech disorders specifically, stuttering, voice, and speech-sound disorders); to consider correspondence between the prevalence of speech disorders and gender, grade level, and socioeconomic...

  • Genetic aspects of early childhood stuttering. Ambrose, Nicoline Grinag; Yairi, Ehud // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Aug93, Vol. 36 Issue 4, p701 

    Quantifies the frequency of stuttering in relatives of pre-school-age children who stutter and who were first seen close to the onset of the disorder. Proportion of probands with a positive family history; Examination of familial incidence of stuttering; Segregation analyses.

  • Temporal dynamics of repetitions during the early stage of childhood stuttering: An acoustic study. Nierman, Rebecca; Yairi, Ehud // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Oct94, Vol. 37 Issue 5, p1067 

    Discusses an acoustic study on temporal dynamics of repetitions during the early stage of childhood stuttering. Comparison of the duration characteristics of single-syllable whole-word repetitions and part-word repetitions; Identification of displaced episodes; Overall tendency for repetitions...

  • The stuttering child: A guide.  // Nutrition Health Review: The Consumer's Medical Journal;Spring90, Issue 54, p9 

    Focuses on child stuttering, a fluency irregularity that children experience in early speech development. Factors which cause stuttering in children; Benefits of positive verbal responses; Tips on how to encourage fluent speech development; Effect of ignoring stuttering in children.

  • Language production abilities of children whose stuttering persisted or recovered. Watkins, Ruth V.; Yairi, Ehud // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr1997, Vol. 40 Issue 2, p385 

    Evaluates the language production capabilities of young children whose stuttering persisted or recovered. Language proficiency; Indices of production obtained from spontaneous language samples; Suggestion that examination of individual patterns of performance is necessary in clarifying the...

  • Stuttering. Pellman, Harry // Pediatrics for Parents;1997, Vol. 17 Issue 7, p4 

    Provides information about the speech disorder affecting children referred to as stuttering. Ways of speech impairment; Predisposing factors; Highest incidence of disfluency in preschool age children; Tips to help parents take care of children with disfluency.

  • Help with stuttering: What parents can do.  // Reading Today;Aug/Sep96, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p17 

    Offers nationwide referral list of speech-language pathologists who specialized in stuttering as well as brochure entitled `If You Think Your Child Is Stuttering,' from the Stuttering Foundation.

  • Temperamental Characteristics of Young Children Who Stutter. Anderson, Julie D.; Pellowski, Mark W.; Conture, Edward G.; Kelly, Ellen M. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2003, Vol. 46 Issue 5, p1221 

    The purpose of this investigation was to assess the temperamental characteristics of children who do (CWS) and do not (CWNS) stutter using a norm-referenced parent-report questionnaire. Participants were 31 CWS and 31 CWNS Between the ages of 3;0 (years;months) and 5;4 (CWS: mean age = 48.03...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics