TITLE

Factorial Temperament Structure in Stuttering, Voice-Disordered, and Typically Developing Children

AUTHOR(S)
Eggers, Kurt; De Nil, Luc F.; Van den Bergh, Bea R. H.
PUB. DATE
December 2009
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2009, Vol. 52 Issue 6, p1610
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the underlying temperamental structure of the Dutch Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ; B. Van den Bergh & M. Ackx, 2003) was identical for children who stuffer (CWS), typically developing children (TDC), and children with vocal nodules (CWVN). Method: A principal axis factor analysis was performed on data obtained with the Dutch CBQ from 69 CWS, 149 TDC, and 41 CWVN. All children were between the ages of 3;0 (years;months) and 8;11. Results: Results indicated a 3-factor solution, identified as Extraversion/Surgency, Negative Affect, and Effortful Control, for each of the participant groups, showing considerable similarity to previously published U.S., Chinese, Japanese, and Dutch samples. Congruence coefficients were highest for CWS and TDC and somewhat more modest when comparing CWVN and TDC. The Effortful Control factor consistently yielded the lowest congruence coefficients. Conclusion: These data confirm that although stuttering, voice-disordered, and typically developing children may differ quantitatively with regard to mean scores on temperament scales, they are similar in terms of their overall underlying temperament structure. The equivalence of temperament structure provides a basis for further comparison of mean group scores on the individual temperament scales.
ACCESSION #
47558469

 

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