TITLE

Characteristics of the Transition to Spoken Words in Two Young Cochlear Implant Recipients

AUTHOR(S)
Ertmer, David J.; Inniger, Kelli J.
PUB. DATE
December 2009
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2009, Vol. 52 Issue 6, p1579
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: This investigation addressed two main questions: (a) How do toddlers' spoken utterances change during the first year of cochlear implant (CI) use? and (b) How do the time-courses for reaching spoken word milestones after implant activation compare with those reported for typically developing children? These questions were explored to increase understanding of early semantic development in children who receive CIs before their second birthdays. Methods: Monthly recordings of mother-child interactions were gathered during the first year of CI use by a boy and a girl whose CIs were activated at 11 and 21 months of age, respectively. Child utterances were classified as nonwords, pre-words, single words, or word combinations, and the percentages of these utterance types were calculated for each month. Data were compared to published findings for typically developing children for the number of months of robust hearing (i.e., auditory access to conversational speech) needed to reach spoken word milestones and the chronological ages at which milestones were achieved. Results: The main findings were that the percentages of nonwords and pre-words decreased as single words and word combinations increased. Both children achieved most spoken word milestones with fewer months of robust hearing experience than reported for typically developing children; the youngest recipient achieved more milestones within typical age ranges than the child implanted later in life. Conclusions: The children's expeditious gains in spoken word development appeared to be facilitated by interactions among their pre-implant hearing experiences; their relatively advanced physical, cognitive, and social maturity; participation in intervention programs; and the introduction of robust hearing within the Utterance Acquisition phase of language development according to the neurolingusitic theory (J. Locke, 1997).
ACCESSION #
47558467

 

Related Articles

  • Spoken Word Recognition in Toddlers Who Use Cochleor Implants. Grieco-Calub, Tina M.; Saffran, Jenny R.; Litovsky, Ruth Y. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2009, Vol. 52 Issue 6, p1390 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the time course of spoken word recognition in 2-year-old children who use cochlear implants (CIs) in quiet and in the presence of speech competitors. Method: Children who use CIs and age-matched peers with normal acoustic hearing listened to...

  • Effects of Elicitation Task Variables on Speech Production by Children With Cochlear Implants. McCleary, Elizabeth A.; Ide-Helvie, Dana L.; Lotto, Andrew J.; Carney, Arlene Earley; Higgins, Maureen B. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2007, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p83 

    Given the interest in comparing speech production development in children with normal hearing and hearing impairment, it is important to evaluate how variables within speech elicitation tasks can differentially affect the acoustics of speech production for these groups. In a first experiment,...

  • Acoustic and Semantic Enhancements for Children With Cochlear Implants. Smiljanica, Rajka; Sladen, Douglas; Bacon, Sid; Tobey, Emily // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2013, Vol. 56 Issue 4, p1085 

    Purpose: In this study, the authors examined how signal clarity interacts with the use of sentence context information in determining speech-in-noise recognition for children with cochlear implants and children with normal hearing. Method: One hundred and twenty sentences in which the final word...

  • Cochlear Implants.  // Pediatrics for Parents;2002, Vol. 19 Issue 11, p1 

    Discusses findings of a study of children who had the cochlear implants placed at anywhere from age three to thirteen years. Use of cochlear implants to treat hearing loss due to problems with sound transmission in the inner ear; Improvement in children's speech perception and use of oral...

  • Use of Speech by Children From Total Communication Programs Who Wear Cochlear Implants. Geers, Ann; Spehar, Brent; Sedey, Allison // American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology;Feb2002, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p50 

    This study examined whether children who are deaf acquire usable speech or continue to rely primarily on manual communication when they are enrolled in a total communication setting following receipt of a cochlear implant. Furthermore, it considered whether the use of speech post-implant is...

  • Assessing the Language Abilities of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Users across a Broad Range of Ages and Performance Abilities. Stallings, Lynne M.; Gao, Sujuan; Svirsky, Mario A. // Volta Review;Fall2000, Vol. 102 Issue 4, p215 

    This study considers the validity of the Words and Gestures and Words and Sentences portions of the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventories (MCDI) for pediatric cochlear implant users who exceed the age ranges for which these inventories were normed. In Experiment 1, scores on the Words...

  • Parent Word Familiarity and the Language Development of pediatric Cochlear Implant Users. Stallings, Lynne M.; Kirk, Karen Iler; Chin, Steven B.; Gao, Sujuan // Volta Review;Fall2000, Vol. 102 Issue 4, p237 

    Linguistic environment is one unexplored factor that may influence language development in pediatric cochlear implant users. This study examines the relationship between parent word familiarity and the language development of pediatric cochlear implant users. Participants and their parents were...

  • The relation between speech perception and phonemic awareness: Evidence from Low-SES children and... Nittrouer, Susan // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Oct96, Vol. 39 Issue 5, p1059 

    Examines the relation between speech perception and phonemic awareness. Study of children with low socioeconomic backgrounds, with histories of otitis media and with both conditions; Language development.

  • Speech Recognition in Noise in Children With Cochlear Implants While Listening in Bilateral, Bimodal, and FM-System Arrangements. Schafer, Erin C.; Thibodeau, Linda M. // American Journal of Audiology;Dec2006, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p114 

    Purpose: Speech recognition performance in noise was examined in children with cochlear implants (CIs) when using (a) a second CI (bilateral group), (b) a hearing aid (HA) on the nonimplant ear (bimodal group), and (c) a frequency modulation (FM) system on 1 or both sides. Method: While always...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics