Structural and compositional features of amorphous calcium phosphate at the early stage of precipitation

Zyman, Z. Z.; Rokhmistrov, D. V.; Glushko, V. I.
January 2010
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine;Jan2010, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p123
Academic Journal
Precipitates formed at an early stage (during the first 6 h) of the hydroxyapatite crystallization of a solution were studied. A nitrous synthesis was used (0.583M (NH4)2HPO4 and 0.35 M Ca(NO3)2·4H2O solutions at pH 11–12, 21°C, fast mixing, lyophilization of aliquots). Although XRD patterns indicated an amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP), IR spectra revealed apatite nanocrystals in the precipitates. Some amount of free calcium was found in the mother solution by mass spectrometrical analysis of the aliquots. This amount considerably decreased as the synthesis proceeded, however, the decrease had a slight effect on the crystallinity of the precipitates. A new suggestion on the nature of delayed crystallization (under conditions as those in the present study) was proposed. The free calcium adsorbed by the nanoparticles from the solution formed a shell around a particle because the calcium diffusion into the bulk was poor at the low synthesis temperature. As such, the encapsulation delayed the crystallization of the nanoparticles. Evidence for this suggestion was given. New possibilities were proposed for preparation of bioactive materials of desired composition based on the structural and compositional peculiarities of the X-ray diffractionamorphous calcium phosphates.


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