Genome-wide association studies using single-nucleotide polymorphisms versus haplotypes: an empirical comparison with data from the North American Rheumatoid Arthritis Consortium

Heejung Shim; Hyonho Chun; Engelman, Corrine D.; Payseur, Bret A.
January 2009
BMC Proceedings;2009 Supplement 7, Vol. 3, Special section p1
Academic Journal
The high genomic density of the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sets that are typically surveyed in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) now allows the application of haplotype-based methods. Although the choice of haplotype-based vs. individual-SNP approaches is expected to affect the results of association studies, few empirical comparisons of method performance have been reported on the genome-wide scale in the same set of individuals. To measure the relative ability of the two strategies to detect associations, we used a large dataset from the North American Rheumatoid Arthritis Consortium to: 1) partition the genome into haplotype blocks, 2) associate haplotypes with disease, and 3) compare the results with individual-SNP association mapping. Although some associations were shared across methods, each approach uniquely identified several strong candidate regions. Our results suggest that the application of both haplotype-based and individual-SNP testing to GWAS should be adopted as a routine procedure.


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