TITLE

Preservation of collagen-induced whole blood platelet aggregation by tranexamic acid therapy in primary cardiac valve surgery

AUTHOR(S)
Miyashita, Tetsuya; Kamibayashi, Takahiko; Ohnishi, Yoshihiko; Kobayashi, Junjiro; Kuro, Masakazu
PUB. DATE
October 2000
SOURCE
Perfusion;Oct2000, Vol. 15 Issue 6, p507
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Haemostatic disorder is one of the most common complications following cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Tranexamic acid reduces blood loss and allogeneic blood transfusion requirement in cardiac surgery. It had been thought that tranexamic acid inhibited fibrinolysis alone following CPB. In the present study, the haemostatic effects of tranexamic acid (20 mg/kg body weight bolus after induction of anaesthesia followed by continuous infusion at 2 mg/kg/h), including fibrinolysis and platelet function, were investigated in 22 patients (tranexamic acid group n = 12; control group n = 10) undergoing primary cardiac valve surgery. Fibrinolysis following CPB was reduced significantly in the tranexamic acid group. Following protamine administration, the reduction of collagen-induced whole blood platelet aggregation was mitigated significantly in the tranexamic acid group compared with the control group (36% reduction in the tranexamic acid group vs 58% in the control group; p = 0.011), although platelet counts did not differ between the two groups. In conclusion, tranexamic acid not only inhibits fibrinolysis directly, but also may preserve platelet function following CPB.
ACCESSION #
4747980

 

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