Coronary artery bypass grafting using a miniature right ventricular support system

Toomasian, John M.; Aboul-Hosn, Walid
October 2000
Perfusion;Oct2000, Vol. 15 Issue 6, p521
Academic Journal
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with cardioplegic myocardial preservation has long been the gold standard for surgical care of coronary artery disease. More recently, alternatives to the conventional approach of CPB-myocardial revascularization have been developed. Epicardial stabilizing devices have been used to immobilize areas of the beating heart to provide a stable surface for some coronary anastomoses. These approaches are often limited to anterior aspects of the heart because revascularization of posterior and lateral vessels often requires the heart to be manipulated or contorted. Excessive manipulation can lead to hemodynamic compromise as a result of partially obstructing pulmonary blood flow. A miniature extracorporeal system has been developed that uses right ventricular support and allows for epicardial surgical procedures to be conducted on a beating heart without standard CPB. The extracorporeal system consists of a coaxial atrial cannula that is connected to a miniature centrifugal pump. Blood is drained from the right atrium, passes through the miniature centrifugal pump and is delivered through the cannula's inner reinfusion lumen into the pulmonary artery. The entire circuit volume is approximately 30 ml. The system is positioned on the sterile operative field. The pump is controlled by a console positioned adjacent to the patient. The centrifugal pump is capable of delivering blood flow at rates of 1-6 l/min. This extracorporeal system may be of benefit in maintaining adequate cardiac output during epicardial beating heart surgery.


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