Methotrexate released in vitro from bone cement inhibits human stem cell proliferation in S/G2 phase

Egon Prochazka; Tomas Soukup; Milos Hroch; Leos Fuksa; Eva Brcakova; Jolana Cermanova; Gabriela Kolouchova; Karel Urban; Jaroslav Mokry; Stanislav Micuda
January 2010
International Orthopaedics;Jan2010, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p137
Academic Journal
Abstract  Methotrexate (MTX) released from bone cement showed a useful local effect in animal models of bone tumours. However, local toxic reactions such as impaired wound healing were observed in areas surrounding the MTX-loaded implant. Therefore, we hypothesised that MTX released from bone cement would have harmful effects on human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC)—one of the basic components of bone marrow and tissue reparatory processes. Moreover, elution of MTX was calculated from implants prepared either with liquid or powdered MTX. During the 28-day incubation, the cement compounded with liquid MTX showed the highest elution rate of the drug. MTX released from pellets produced a significant decrease in proliferation of MSC as a consequence of a blockade of their cell cycle in the S/G2 phase. These findings indicate impairment of stem cell function in marginal areas surrounding the MTX-loaded cement and may help to explain problems with regeneration of tissues in these locations.


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