Distraction osteogenesis in management of composite bone and soft tissue defects

Barakat El-Alfy; Hani El-Mowafi; Nabil El-Moghazy
January 2010
International Orthopaedics;Jan2010, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p115
Academic Journal
Abstract  A soft tissue defect is one of the most difficult problems that may accompany bone defects. Plastic surgery is often required. During distraction osteogenesis, not only the bone but also the soft tissues are lengthened, which may help in spontaneous closure of the soft tissue defects. This study examines 11 cases of composite bone and soft tissue defects which were managed by distraction osteogenesis. After debridement of the necrotic tissues, the soft tissue defects ranged from three by four centimetres to five by 14 centimetres and the bone defects ranged from four to 12 centimetres. All the soft tissue defects healed during the process of bone transport without the need for plastic surgery, except in one case. The complications were successfully managed during the course of treatment. Distraction osteogenesis is a good method for simultaneous treatment of composite bone and soft tissue defects.


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