TITLE

Progress in researches about focal adhesion kinase in gastrointestinal tract

AUTHOR(S)
Hui Fang Hao; Naomoto, Yoshio; Xiao-Hong Bao; Watanabe, Nobuyuki; Sakurama, Kazufumi; Noma, Kazuhiro; Tomono, Yasuko; Fukazawa, Takuya; Shirakawa, Yasuhiro; Yamatsuji, Tomoki; Matsuoka, Junji; Takaoka, Munenori; Yeun-Jun Chung
PUB. DATE
December 2009
SOURCE
World Journal of Gastroenterology;12/21/2009, Vol. 15 Issue 47, p5916
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a 125-kDa non-receptor protein tyrosine. Growth factors or the clustering of integrins facilitate the rapid phosphorylation of FAK at Tyr-397 and this in turn recruits Src-family protein tyrosine kinases, resulting in the phosphorylation of Tyr-576 and Tyr-577 in the FAK activation loop and full catalytic FAK activation. FAK plays a critical role in the biological processes of normal and cancer cells including the gastrointestinal tract. FAK also plays an important role in the restitution, cell survival and apoptosis and carcinogenesis of the gastrointestinal tract. FAK is over-expressed in cancer cells and its over-expression and elevated activities are associated with motility and invasion of cancer cells. FAK has been proposed as a potential target in cancer therapy. Small molecule inhibitors effectively inhibit the kinase activity of FAK and show a potent inhibitory effect for the proliferation and migration of tumor cells, indicating a high potential for application in cancer therapy.
ACCESSION #
47336366

 

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