TITLE

Work-life conflict and associations with work- and nonwork-related factors and with physical and mental health outcomes: a nationally representative cross-sectional study in Switzerland

AUTHOR(S)
Hämmig, Oliver; Gutzwiller, Felix; Bauer, Georg
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9, p435
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to examine work- and nonwork-related factors and physical and mental health outcomes associated with combined time- and strain-based work-life conflict (WLC) among adult employees living and working in Switzerland as well as possible gender differences in this regard. Methods: The data used for the study were taken from wave 6 of the nationally representative Swiss Household Panel (SHP) collected in 2004. The analysis was restricted to 4'371 employees aged 20 to 64 years. Trivariate crosstabulations and multivariate linear and logistic regression analyses stratified by gender were performed in order to calculate gender-specific prevalence rates (%), beta coefficients (β) and crude as well as multiple adjusted odds ratios (OR) as measures of association. Results: Every eighth person (12.5%) within the study population has a high or very high WLC score. Prevalence rates are clearly above average in men and women with higher education, in executive positions or managerial functions, in full-time jobs, with variable work schedules, regular overtime, long commuting time to work and job insecurity. Working overtime regularly, having variable work schedules and being in a management position are most strongly associated with WLC in men, whereas in women the level of employment is the strongest explanatory variable by far, followed by variable work schedules and high job status (managerial position). In both men and women, WLC is associated with several physical and mental health problems. Employees with high or very high WLC show a comparatively high relative risk of self-reported poor health, anxiety and depression, lack of energy and optimism, serious backache, headaches, sleep disorders and fatigue. While overall prevalence rate of (very) high WLC is higher in men than in women, associations between degrees of WLC and most health outcomes are stronger in women than in men. Conclusion: This important issue which up to now has been largely neglected in public health research needs to be addressed in future public health research and, if the findings are confirmed by subsequent (longitudinal) studies, to be considered in workplace health promotion and interventions in Switzerland as elsewhere.
ACCESSION #
47324187

 

Related Articles

  • Workplace Stress Makes Healthy Choices Go Up in Smoke.  // EHS Today;Aug2013, Vol. 6 Issue 8, p13 

    The article reports on a study from the Indiana University School of Public Health-Bloomington, which suggests that stress from work-family conflict may lead to a rise in smoking and other unhealthy behaviors.

  • Workplace stress not addressed: Survey. Wojcik, Joanne // Business Insurance;11/30/2009, Vol. 43 Issue 43, p4 

    The article reports on the inaction of most employers to address workplace stress based on a joint survey by Watson Wyatt Worldwide and the National Business Group on Health. The findings indicated that firms that maintain health and productivity management programs despite the recession are...

  • Total worker health affects bottom line. Holmes, Angela // Corridor Business Journal;2/22/2016, Vol. 12 Issue 31, p3 

    The article focuses on the speech of Diane Rohlman, director of the University of Iowa College of Public Health-Healthier Workforce Center for Excellence, delivered at the "Corridor Business Journal's" 2016 Health Care Summit, on the importance of implementing a total work health approach to...

  • Supporting Employee Success When Mental Health Is a Factor. Baynton, Mary Ann // Plans & Trusts;Sep/Oct2014, Vol. 32 Issue 5, p6 

    The article offers tips in creating a return-to-work plan for the employees who take leave for mental health issues in Canada. It highlights several factors for the health of the employees including shared support, to manage mental health issue of the employees and to maintain work-life balance....

  • Norton Rose Fulbright focuses on mental health. Calnan, Marianne // Employee Benefits;2/4/2015, p1 

    The article informs that global law firm Norton Rose Fulbright conducted events for its employees to highlight the importance of a good work-life balance and overall health in the run-up to World Mental Health Awareness Day in 2014. According to Vicky Rose, reward, pensions and mobility manager...

  • Using intervention mapping to deconstruct cognitive work hardening: a return-towork intervention for people with depression. Wisenthal, Adeena; Krupa, Terry // BMC Health Services Research;2014, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p1 

    Background Mental health related work disability leaves are increasing at alarming rates with depression emerging as the most common mental disorder in the workforce. Treatments are available to alleviate depressive symptoms and associated functional impacts; however, they are not specifically...

  • Crammer's Corner. Rughani, Amar // InnovAiT;Mar2011, Vol. 4 Issue 3, p183 

    The article offers information on the physician's competence towards fitness in promoting health and protecting the patient's work-life balance. The approaches include attending to professional demands while addressing personal needs, anticipating situations that can affect the work-life...

  • KEEP CALM AND CARRY ON. Dykins, Rose // Business Traveller (UK/Europe Edition);Dec2013/Jan2014, p52 

    The article discusses ways on how to effectively manage stress. Topics covered include the importance of recognizing the combined effect of work- and life-related stress, impact of perception on stress on managing stressful activities and information on online stress management courses. Also...

  • Scene from below. Caro, Jane // Management Today (14405636);Apr2014, p50 

    The author focuses on mental health and work stress. She states that around 2,300 Australians commit suicide every year, while an estimated 3.2 million Australians have had within the past 12 months a a mental disorder. She mentions her dislike of the term work-life balance as she feels work can...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics