Generational status and duration of residence predict diabetes prevalence among Latinos: the California Men's Health Study

Ahmed, Ameena T.; Quinn, Virginia P.; Caan, Bette; Sternfeld, Barbara; Haque, Reina; Van Den Eeden, Stephen K.
January 2009
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p392
Academic Journal
Background: Diabetes disproportionately affects Latinos. However, examining Latinos as one group obscures important intra-group differences. This study examined how generational status, duration of US residence, and language preference are associated with diabetes prevalence and to what extent these explain the higher prevalence among Latinos. Methods: We determined nativity, duration of US residence, language preference, and diabetes prevalence among 11 817 Latino, 6109 black, and 52 184 white participants in the California Men's Health Study. We combined generational status and residence duration into a single migration status variable with levels: ? third generation; second generation; and immigrant living in the US for > 25, 16-25, 11-15, or ? 10 years. Language preference was defined as language in which the participant took the survey. Logistic regression models were specified to assess the associations of dependent variables with prevalent diabetes. Results: Diabetes prevalence was 22%, 23%, and 11% among Latinos, blacks, and whites, respectively. In age-adjusted models, we observed a gradient of risk of diabetes by migration status among Latinos. Further adjustment for socioeconomic status, obesity and health behaviors only partially attenuated this gradient. Language preference was a weak predictor of prevalent diabetes in some models and not significant in others. In multivariate models, we found that odds of diabetes were higher among US-born Latinos than US-born blacks. Conclusion: Generational status and residence duration were associated with diabetes prevalence among middle-aged Latino men in California. As the Latino population grows, the burden of diabetes-associated disease is likely to increase and demands public health attention.


Related Articles

  • HEALTH ASSURANCE AT MEXICAN RESTAURANTS IN THE CITY OF LAREDO. Prado, Sandra; Alvarado, Tulio; Cardenas, Cesar; Guerra, Nora C.; Gonzalez, Hector; Antu, Jose // Ethnicity & Disease;Autumn2007 Supplement 5, Vol. 17 Issue 4, pS5:20 

    The goal of our research project was to increase awareness of, and provide information about healthy eating choices at local restaurants in order to reduce diabetes and obesity. To achieve this goal, we worked toward an objective to track the healthy menu choices selected and promoted at four...

  • Untitled.  // Diabetes Health;Jul2006, Vol. 15 Issue 7, p15 

    The article presents information on the results of a poll question on not having children because of diabetes. 60% of diabetics decided to have children. 40% of the respondents have decided not to bear children due to their disease.

  • Fast STATS.  // Healthcare Purchasing News;Dec2005, Vol. 29 Issue 12, p6 

    The article presents information on diabetes in the U.S. There are approximately 21 million people in the country who are affected by diabetes. Six million of which are not aware that they have the disease. The U.S. government spends an estimated $132 billion on diabetes.


    Oxidative stress and inflammation are implicated in the initiation and development of obesity and diabetes. This study investigated the comparison of important oxidative stress parameters between diabetic and obese patients and it is significantly (p < 0.05) showed that the level of oxidative...

  • Diet and Exercise Cut Risk Of Diabetes; Aid Weight Loss. J. S. // Fitness Business Pro;Jan2007, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p12 

    The article reports on the issues concerning the campaign on how to reduce the risk of diabetes in Saint Louis, Missouri. According to Edward Weiss, a Saint Louis University researcher, both diet and exercise profound benefits to reduce the risk of diabetes, and both those who restrict calories...

  • Empowered to change: evidence from a qualitative exploration of a user-informed psycho-educational programme for people with type 1 diabetes. Booker, S.; Morris, M.; Johnson, A. // Chronic Illness;Mar2008, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p41 

    Objectives: To evaluate the impact of a user-informed psycho-educational programme for people with type 1 diabetes. Methods: Qualitative data derived from repeated interviews and diaries enabled an appraisal of participants' unique, individual experiences. Results: Thematic analysis elicited a...

  • Long-Term Maintenance of Glucose Control in Veterans with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Using Oral Agents. Swislocki, Arthur L.M.; Meier, Joy L.; Najera, Sallie M.; Noth, Robert H. // Metabolic Syndrome & Related Disorders;Dec2011, Vol. 9 Issue 6, p469 

    Purpose of study: The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term glycemic control in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus on oral hypoglycemic agents. Methods: We identified the cohort of veterans prescribed hypoglycemic agents every year from July, 1992, through June, 2007 ( n=191)....

  • Enhanced Expressions of Arginine Vasopressin (Avp) in the Hypothalamic Paraventricular and Supraoptic Nuclei of Type 2 Diabetic Rats. Sun Yi; In Hwang; Yo Kim; Il Kim; Son-Il Pak; In Lee; Je Seong; Yeo Yoon // Neurochemical Research;May2008, Vol. 33 Issue 5, p833 

    Abstract  Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is known to a neuropeptide that plays important roles in water conservation, sodium homeostasis, and in the regulation of serum osmolality. Several studies have reported that the elevated AVP level is related with diabetes mellitus as an acute...

  • Association between perceived insufficient sleep, frequent mental distress, obesity and chronic diseases among US adults, 2009 behavioral risk factor surveillance system. Croft, Janet B.; Wheaton, Anne G.; Perry, Geraldine S.; Chapman, Daniel P.; Strine, Tara W.; McKnight-Eily, Lela R.; Presley-Cantrell, Letitia; Yong Liu // BMC Public Health;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Although evidence suggests that poor sleep is associated with chronic disease, little research has been conducted to assess the relationships between insufficient sleep, frequent mental distress (FMD ⩾14 days during the past 30 days), obesity, and chronic disease including...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics