Performance of hybrid entanglement photon pair source for quantum key distribution

Fujiwara, M.; Toyoshima, M.; Sasaki, M.; Yoshino, K.; Nambu, Y.; Tomita, A.
December 2009
Applied Physics Letters;12/28/2009, Vol. 95 Issue 26, p261103
Academic Journal
We report on the experimental demonstration of a source of hybrid entanglement pairs between two different degrees of freedom, a 1550 nm time-bin qubit and an 810 nm polarization qubit. The polarization qubit at 810 nm is transformed by an asymmetric Mach–Zehnder interferometer consisted of a Glan laser prism and a polarization-maintaining fiber. We obtained visibilities of 95.8% and 88% with tolerance ±0.2% and ±1% along Z-Z and X-X axes on the Poincare sphere, respectively, with a coincidence count rate of more than 800 c/s after entanglement format transformation. These values are well above the threshold of 70.7% needed to violate a Bell inequality and allow distilling a secure key in the quantum key distribution.


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