Pulsed laser deposited Y3Fe5O12 films: Nature of magnetic anisotropy I

Manuilov, S. A.; Khartsev, S. I.; Grishin, A. M.
December 2009
Journal of Applied Physics;Dec2009, Vol. 106 Issue 12, p123917-1
Academic Journal
Recently we sintered by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique the epitaxial Fe-deficient yttrium iron garnet (YIG) films with ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) linewidth as narrow as 0.9 Oe, the uniaxial anisotropy as high as Hu=-880 Oe, and demonstrated them feasible for magnetostatic waves band pass filter application [Manuilov et al., J. Appl. Phys. 105, 033917 (2009)]. Here we explore the origin of unusually high noncubic magnetic anisotropy. Using the angular resolved FMR spectroscopy we found that in addition to strong uniaxial anisotropy, cubic magnetic anisotropy experienced almost fivefold reduction compared to standard YIG grown by liquid phase epitaxy. Molecular field theory was employed to calculate saturation magnetization 4Ï€Ms, cubic magnetocrystalline K1, and uniaxial anisotropy Ku in garnets with Fe vacancies. The modeling utilizes crystal field parameters that we revealed from earlier published experimental data on diamagnetic ion substituted Y3Fe5O12 and Fe-substituted isomorphous diamagnetic garnets. Consistent single ion anisotropy crystal field theory perfectly fits experimentally observed high saturation magnetization, reduction in cubic, and appearance of strong uniaxial anisotropy in PLD-grown Fe-deficient YIG films. The redistribution of Fe vacancies between different magnetic sublattices was quantified and confirmed that in YIG(111) films ferric ions preferentially leave vacant octahedrally coordinated sites. Simulation of growth induced anisotropy proves the ordering of Fe3+ vacancies within octahedral sites. At equal number of available ferric ions and vacancies, the latter populate the octahedrons with distortion axis perpendicular to the film surface with the probability equal to 0.67. Deformation blockage of octahedral complexes with distortion axes directed along the film surface reduces this probability down to 0.14.


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