Electromagnetic formulation of global gyrokinetic particle simulation in toroidal geometry

Holod, I.; Zhang, W. L.; Xiao, Y.; Lin, Z.
December 2009
Physics of Plasmas;Dec2009, Vol. 16 Issue 12, p122307
Academic Journal
The fluid-kinetic hybrid electron model for global electromagnetic gyrokinetic particle simulations has been formulated in toroidal geometry using magnetic coordinates, providing the capabilities to describe low frequency processes in electromagnetic turbulence with electron dynamics. In the limit of long wavelength and no parallel electric field our equations reduce to the ideal magnetohydrodynamic equations. The formulation has been generalized to include equilibrium flows. The equations for zonal components of electrostatic and vector potentials have been derived, demonstrating the electron screening of the zonal vector potential.


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