Rarefaction shock waves and Hugoniot curve in the presence of free and trapped particles

Niknam, A. R.; Hashemzadeh, M.; Shokri, B.; Rouhani, M. R.
December 2009
Physics of Plasmas;Dec2009, Vol. 16 Issue 12, p122109
Academic Journal
The effects of the relativistic ponderomotive force and trapped particles in the presence of ponderomotive force on the rarefaction shock waves are investigated. The ponderomotive force alters the electron density distribution. This force and relativistic mass affect the plasma frequency. These physical parameters modify the total pressure and the existence condition of the rarefaction shock wave. Furthermore, the trapping of particles by the high frequency electromagnetic field considerably changes the existence condition of the rarefaction shock wave. The total pressure and Hugoniot curve are obtained by considering the relativistic ponderomotive force and trapped particles.


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