TITLE

Anchoring of a monotopic membrane protein: the binding of prostaglandin H[sub 2] synthase-1 to the surface of a phospholipid bilayer

AUTHOR(S)
Nina, Mafalda; Bernèche, Simon; Roux, Benoît
PUB. DATE
July 2000
SOURCE
European Biophysics Journal;2000, Vol. 29 Issue 6, p439
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Abstract Prostaglandin H[sub 2] synthases (PGHS-1 and -2) are monotopic peripheral membrane proteins that catalyse the synthesis of prostaglandins in the arachidonate cascade. Picot et al. (1994) proposed that the enzyme is anchored to one leaflet of the bilayer by a membrane anchoring domain consisting of a right-handed spiral of amphipathic helices (residues 73116) forming a planar motif. Two different computational approaches are used to examine the association of the PGHS-1 membrane anchoring domain with a membrane via the proposed mechanism. The electrostatic contribution to the free energy of solvation is obtained by solving numerically the finite-difference Poisson equation for the protein attached to a membrane represented as a planar slab of low dielectric. The nonpolar cavity formation and van der Waals contributions to the solvation free energy are assumed to be proportional to the water accessible surface area. Based on the optimum position determined from the continuum solvent model, two atomic models of the PGHS-1 anchoring domain associated with an explicit dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) bilayer differing by the thickness of the membrane bilayer were constructed. A total of 2 ns molecular dynamics simulation were performed to study the details of lipid-protein interactions at the microscopic level. In the simulations the lipid hydrocarbon chains interacting with the anchoring domain assume various shapes, suggesting that the plasticity of the membrane is significant. The hydrophobic residues in the membrane side of the helices interact with the hydrophobic membrane core, while the positively charged residues interact with the lipid polar headgroups to stabilize the anchoring of the membrane domain to the upper half of the bilayer. The phosphate headgroup of one DMPC...
ACCESSION #
4721446

 

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