TITLE

On the iron-catalysed growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes and encapsulated metal particles in the gas phase

AUTHOR(S)
Bladh, K.; Falk, L.K.L.; Rohmund, F.
PUB. DATE
March 2000
SOURCE
Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing;2000, Vol. 70 Issue 3, p317
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The production of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) by catalytic disproportionation of carbon monoxide on iron particles in the gas phase was studied. The addition of hydrogen to the reactants was found to increase the SWNT yield relative to the competing formation of encapsulated iron particles. Adding acetylene, however, did not result in a significant change of the SWNT growth but gave rise to the formation of unwanted self-pyrolysis products. Iron particles are seen to decorate the SWNT and are shown to be single crystalline with several layers of encapsulation by graphitic carbon. All these observations are discussed with respect to the catalytic growth mechanism of SWNT and encapsulated metal particles from CO and hydrocarbon molecules.
ACCESSION #
4720528

 

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