High resolution measurements of neutral density and ionization rate in the Alcator C-Mod tokamak

Boivin, R. L.; Hughes, J. W.; LaBombard, B.; Mossessian, D.; Terry, J. L.
January 2001
Review of Scientific Instruments;Jan2001, Vol. 72 Issue 1, p961
Academic Journal
Two new high resolution detectors have been installed on the Alcator C-Mod tokamak to measure the neutral density and ionization rate at the edge of the main chamber plasma. Using a silicon detector sensitive to UV light, and a very narrow filter with transmission peaking at 1216 Å, the Lyman alpha radiation emanating from neutral deuterium (and hydrogen) is measured. The detectors consist of 20 channel arrays which view the plasma tangentially 12.5 cm below the outer midplane, and 10 cm above the inner midplane. The imaging is performed using a 1 mm×3 mm slit, which gives a nominal radial resolution of 2 and 3 mm, respectively. The local emissivity is obtained via a standard Abel inversion technique. Employing well-known branching ratios, and using measured local electron density and temperature, the neutral density and ionization rate are inferred with similar radial resolution. Details of the setup and sensitivity of the results to plasma conditions are discussed. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.


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