Growth of aligned carbon nanotubes by biasing during growth

Avigal, Y.; Kalish, R.
April 2001
Applied Physics Letters;4/16/2001, Vol. 78 Issue 16, p2291
Academic Journal
Well aligned multiwalled carbon nanotube (CNT) growth was achieved by positively biasing the substrate during growth. Growth was performed in a flowing mixture of 7% CH[sub 4] in Ar onto Co covered Si held at 800 °C with and without the presence of an electric field. High resolution scanning electron microscopy shows that the tube alignment occurs only when a positive bias is applied to the substrate whereas no aligned growth occurs under a negative bias and no tube growth is observed, under the presently applied conditions, with no field. This finding may open up the possibility of realizing cold electron emitting devices based on CNTs with a large electric field enhancement. In particular, it may be possible to utilize the same gate which is needed to turn the device on also to obtain field assisted aligned carbon nanotube growth into the desired regions. Alternatively, due to the fact that no CNTs grow under the conditions of this experiment without bias, selected area biasing may permit selected area growth of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes, a process that may find many applications. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.


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