Living poly(α-methylstyrene) near the polymerization line: VIII. Mass density, viscosity, and surface tension in tetrahydrofuran

Pendyala, Krishna; Gu, Xiangyun; Andrews, Kevin P.; Gruner, Karen; Jacobs, D. T.; Greer, S. C.
March 2001
Journal of Chemical Physics;3/1/2001, Vol. 114 Issue 9
Academic Journal
We consider the polymerization of α-methylstyrene, initiated by sodium naphthalide in the solvent tetrahydrofuran on time scales that permit full thermodynamic equilibrium between the monomer and the polymer. We present new measurements as a function of temperature of the mass density, the shear viscosity, and the liquid-vapor surface tension, and we compare the data to theoretical expectations when the polymerization is viewed as a phase transition. The mass density is well described by either mean field or nonmean field theories. The shear viscosity increases as the average degree of polymerization (DP) increases, but the exponent 3.4 is not reached, presumably because the DP is too small. The surface tension increases as the DP increases, indicating depletion of the polymer from the surface. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.


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