Electronic transport in monolayer graphene nanoribbons produced by chemical unzipping of carbon nanotubes

Sinitskii, Alexander; Fursina, Alexandra A.; Kosynkin, Dmitry V.; Higginbotham, Amanda L.; Natelson, Douglas; Tour, James M.
December 2009
Applied Physics Letters;12/21/2009, Vol. 95 Issue 25, p253108
Academic Journal
We report on the structural and electrical properties of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) produced by the oxidative unzipping of carbon nanotubes. GNRs were reduced by hydrazine at 95 °C and further annealed in Ar/H2 at 900 °C; monolayer ribbons were selected for the fabrication of electronic devices. GNR devices on Si/SiO2 substrates exhibit an ambipolar electric field effect typical for graphene. The conductivity of monolayer GNRs (∼35 S/cm) and mobility of charge carriers (0.5–3 cm2/V s) are less than the conductivity and mobility of pristine graphene, which could be explained by oxidative damage caused by the harsh H2SO4/KMnO4 used to make GNRs. The resistance of GNR devices increases by about three orders of magnitude upon cooling from 300 to 20 K. The resistance/temperature data is consistent with the variable range hopping mechanism, which, along with the microscopy data, suggests that the GNRs have a nonuniform structure.


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