Young's modulus measurements and grain boundary sliding in free-standing thin metal films

Kalkman, A. J.; Verbruggen, A. H.; Janssen, G. C. A. M.
April 2001
Applied Physics Letters;4/30/2001, Vol. 78 Issue 18, p2673
Academic Journal
Young's modulus of free-standing polycrystalline Al, Au, and W films with submicron thickness has been studied using a dynamic bulge-testing technique. For Au and Al films a clear frequency dependence of the modulus is observed at room temperature in the range 1x10[sup -4]-0.5 rad/s. The values of the moduli are considerably smaller than the corresponding values of bulk material. The modulus of W films measured under the same conditions does not depend on frequency and is equal to the bulk value. The origin of the behavior found in the Al and Au films is anelastic grain boundary sliding. As a consequence of the relatively small grain size of thin polycrystalline films this phenomenon is observable at room temperature in films with a relatively low melting point. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.


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