Effect of particle size on the photoluminescence from hydrogen passivated Si nanocrystals in SiO[sub 2]

Cheylan, S.; Elliman, R. G.
March 2001
Applied Physics Letters;3/26/2001, Vol. 78 Issue 13, p1912
Academic Journal
The effect of hydrogen passivation on the photoluminescence from Si nanocrystals prepared in SiO[sub 2] by ion implantation and annealing is examined as a function of nanocrystal size (implant fluence). Passivation is shown to produce a significant increase in emission intensities as well as a redshift of spectra, both of which increase with increasing fluence. These results are shown to be consistent with a model in which larger nanocrystals are assumed to contain more nonradiative defects (i.e., the defect concentration is assumed to be proportional to the nanocrystal surface area or volume). Since this results in a smaller fraction of larger nanocrystals contributing to the initial luminescence, emission spectra are initially blueshifted relative to that that might be expected from the physical nanocrystal size distribution. The contribution from larger crystallites is then disproportionately increased by passivation resulting in the observed redshift. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.


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