Electron affinity of Al[sub x]Ga[sub 1-x]N(0001) surfaces

Grabowski, S. P.; Schneider, M.; Nienhaus, H.; Mo¨nch, W.; Dimitrov, R.; Ambacher, O.; Stutzmann, M.
April 2001
Applied Physics Letters;4/23/2001, Vol. 78 Issue 17, p2503
Academic Journal
The electronic properties and the electron affinities of Al[sub x]Ga[sub 1-x]N(0001) surfaces were investigated by ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS) over the whole composition range. The samples were prepared by N-ion sputtering and annealing. Surface cleanliness and stoichiometry were monitored with x-ray photoemission spectroscopy. Samples with high aluminum content showed traces of oxygen which could not be removed by further cleaning cycles. However, we have evidence that the oxygen is located in the bulk and not at the surface. From the UP spectra the ionization energies and electron affinities as a function of composition x were determined. A decrease in electron affinity with increasing aluminum content was found, but the electron affinity remains positive for all x. Thus, earlier predictions of negative electron affinity for high aluminum content were not confirmed. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.


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