Shape evolution of Ge/Si(001) islands induced by strain-driven alloying

Huang, C. J.; Zuo, Y. H.; Li, D. Z.; Cheng, B. W.; Luo, L. P.; Yu, J. Z.; Wang, Q. M.
June 2001
Applied Physics Letters;6/11/2001, Vol. 78 Issue 24, p3881
Academic Journal
The shape evolution of Ge/Si(001) islands grown by ultrahigh vacuum chemical vapor deposition were investigated by atomic force microscopy at different deposition rates. We find that, at low deposition rates, the evolution of islands follows the conventional pathway by which the islands form the pyramid islands, evolve into dome islands, and dislocate at a superdome shape with increasing coverage. While at a high deposition rate of 3 monolayers per minute, the dome islands evolve towards the pyramids by a reduction of the contact angle. The presence of the atomic intermixing between the Ge islands and Si substrate at high deposition rate is responsible for the reverse evolution. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.


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