Hydrogen storage in aligned carbon nanotubes

Chen, Yan; Shaw, David T.; Bai, X. D.; Wang, E. G.; Lund, C.; Lu, W. M.; Chung, D. D. L.
April 2001
Applied Physics Letters;4/9/2001, Vol. 78 Issue 15, p2128
Academic Journal
Aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with diameters of 50-100 nm, synthesized by plasma-assisted hot filament chemical vapor deposition, were employed for hydrogen adsorption experiments in their as-prepared and pretreated states. Quadruple mass spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis show a hydrogen storage capacity of 5-7 wt% was achieved reproducibly at room temperature under modest pressure (10 atm) for the as-prepared samples. Pretreatments, which include heating the samples to 300 °C and removing of the catalyst tips, can increase the hydrogen storage capacity up to 13 wt% and decrease the pressure required for storage. The weight gains were measured after the samples moved out of the hydrogen environment. The release of the adsorbed hydrogen can be achieved by heating the samples up to 300 °C.


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